Peace Leader Paul Chappell
To Visit Central Virginia
This September, as part of events for International Peace Day, peace leader Paul K. Chappell will make a second trip to central Virginia as part of an East Coast speaking tour. On Thursday, September 18, 7 p.m. Chappell will speak at First Unitarian Church, 818 Court Street in downtown Lynchburg. Chappell, a West Point graduate who served a tour of duty in Iraq as a Captain, now works full-time as the Peace Leadership Director for the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. Since his return to civilian life, he has written four of seven books in his series, The Road to Peace, including Will War Ever End?, The End of War, Peaceful Revolution, and The Art of Waging Peace.
Chappell grew up in a violent household after his father suffered emotional trauma from service in the Viet Nam War. Seeing the change in his father caused Chappell to "embark on a relentless search for understanding, peace and trust", which was strengthened by his military education and experience in combat, from which he concluded that "almost everything our society and the media teach us about war is a distortion of the truth."
Colman McCarthy, a long-time peace activist who directs the Center for Teaching Peace, contends that "Chappell's personal story of moving from waging war to waging peace places him in the company of past and current icons who believed that moral force and the forces of truth resistance, negotiation are superior to and more effective that violent military force."
For more information on Chappell's work, visit his website.
LPEC Screens "World Peace and Other Fourth-Grade Achievements" in Lynchburg May 8
On May 8, LPEC and The Peace Practice co-hosted a screening of the fascinating film, "World Peace and Other Fourth-Grade Achievements" at the Community Meeting Room of the Lynchburg Library on Memorial Ave. An audience of two dozen viewed the Lynchburg premiere of the film and listened to the panel discussion that followed the showing.
The film interweaves the story of John Hunter, a Charlottesville teacher, with his students' participation in the World Peace Game, which triggers an eight-week transformation of the children from students of a neighborhood public school to citizens of the world. Hunter teaches the concept of peace not as a utopian dream but as an attainable goal to strive for, and he provides his students with the tools for this effort. The children learn to collaborate and communicate with each other as they work to resolve the Game's conflicts. They learn how to compromise while accommodating different perspectives and interests. Most importantly, the students discover that they share a deep and abiding interest in taking care of each other.
Throughout the Game, the young pupils must learn skills in negotiation, problem-solving, listening, and empathy as they work their way through the Game's challenge. Mr. Hunter has designed the Game to give the students enough information to tackle simulated world problems while stimulating them to think creatively as they solve each crisis situation. Hunter's approach was honed by the influence of his mother, also a teacher, who afforded the young Hunter the space to imagine many possibilities without giving him answers.
Two striking impressions from the film were the impact of seeing young children assuming these roles as important world leaders. Seeing how seriously the students are while engaged in playing the Game, it is easy to imagine the impact it might have on them as they grow older and possibly consider future careers in international studies. What a valuable experience they gain! It is also striking to see how the students recognize the importance of world relationships in gaining peace--they seem to recognize on a deep level the interconnectedness of the world's people.
In the discussion that followed, the panelists included Sabita Manian of Lynchburg College, Jen Lewis of the Richmond Peace and Justice Center, Jennifer Dugan from Randolph College and Virgil Moore of Sustaining Peace, LLC. Among the important points brought out by the discussion included the importance of the Game requiring students to adopt a multi-disciplinary approach to its challenges, letting the children exercise their own judgment to learn from their success and failure, and giving young students the space to access their innate wisdom and creativity.
NOTE: LPEC has purchased a copy of the film to have available to educators, churches, schools, etc. for other local showings. For more information about borrowing the film, use the email form on our Home page to send a message.
Marriage Equality Supporters
Rally on Monument Terrace
On Wednesday, April 16, a group of twenty supporters gathered for a rally on Monument Terrace to show their support for equal marriage rights. (The event was originally scheduled for Valentine's Day as part of a slate of statewide events that had to be rescheduled due to snow.) Speakers were Rev. Paul Boothby of First Unitarian Church, the sole minister from the local area, and Robin Gorsline, a retired gay pastor who is now serving as president for the People of Faith for Equality in Virginia, an advocacy group working to overturn the state's ban on gay marriage.
In his comments, Boothby stated his belief that the Supreme Court would rule in favor of marriage equality within two years, but also noted that because "the Court doesn't like to get too far ahead of public opinion" he urged those at the rally to be active in talking with others to build momentum and change hearts and minds toward support of marriage equality. He also stated that when equality is gained, "our work will not end" and expressed his commitment to welcoming gay couples for marriage ceremonies. "When gays are able to enter that door to receive a marriage license, they will be welcome to enter this door for their marriage ceremony," he stated, with a gesture first toward the city clerk's office entry on Monument Terrace, and then toward the door to the Unitarian Church.
Noting that public sentiment is turning in favor of gay marriage across the country, Gorsline stated in his comments to the group that even in the traditionally conservative area of Lynchburg, "it's turning, it's turning, it's turning." He concluded by saying that in respect to marriage equality, "humans keep trying to make God's love small, but it's big--big enough for everyone."
An Appeal to Repeal
The following letter to the editor, written by Lynchburg resident Pat Bower, was published in the News and Advance on Monday, April 14.
Repeal the ‘Use of Force’ act
Not many of us remember the details of the AUMF, the Authorization for the Use of Military Force. It was drawn up very quickly by President George W. Bush and Congressional leaders and was passed almost unanimously by both houses of Congress three days after Sept. 11, 2001. S.J. Res. 23 is only 60 words long and gives sweeping powers to the president, authorizing him to “use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the United States by such nations, organizations or persons.” This resolution has had enormous consequences, many unintended, since that awful week.
The AUMF has been used to justify the invasions and extended wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, plus more than a dozen smaller military actions including Yemen, Somalia, Pakistan and Mali. President Obama authorized five times as many drone strikes in his first four years as President Bush did in eight years. Drone attacks ignore national borders and make us uneasy because they are not subject to any effective oversight or public debate. The indefinite detentions of prisoners at Guantanamo for all these years also goes against our country’s previous reputation for fairness and due process for all. And the warrantless wiretaps that we now know about have shocked our allies as well as our own citizens. All these things became possible because of the AUMF.
But there is hope that this difficult period could be coming to an end. The U.S. is substantially leaving Afghanistan at the end of 2014, and there are bills in Congress to repeal the AUMF. Repeal efforts are gaining strength both for moral and financial reasons. There is a realization that the AUMF distorts the constitutional balance between the President and Congress and thus should not be permanent. As our communities suffer from ever worsening budget cuts, the public and many members of Congress are asking new questions about the size of our military budget, its allocations, and whether endless war is the best way to solve global problems.
After more than a decade of costly wars, it is logical that military spending should be going down substantially, not just modestly as currently proposed. Even after the “drastic” upcoming cuts you may have heard about, military spending is projected to be comparable to that at the height of the Vietnam War and the Cold War.
The military budget — now larger than the total of the next 10 biggest defense spenders in the world — accounted for 40 cents of every tax dollar we spent in 2013. Only 2 cents went to diplomacy, development and war prevention. If we cannot reevaluate our national security and defense spending priorities now, when will it ever happen?
Our congressional representatives really do want and need to hear from us on this issue. Contact your representative, Rep. Bob Goodlatte or Rep. Robert Hurt, and ask them to co-sponsor House Bill 2324 (HR2324-Schiff) that would allow the AUMF to expire at the end of 2014.
Editor’s note: Bower is the retired Registrar of Voters for the City of Lynchburg and is currently chairwoman of the Electoral Board.
Roanoke Plowshares Hosts
Library Airs "The Loving Story", Pt. 4 of Film Series
On March 20, a balmy first day of spring, more than fifty community members gathered at the Lynchburg Public Library Meeting Room to see the documentary film, "The Loving Story," screened as part of the series, Created Equal: America's Civil Rights Struggle. The series is sponsored by the Martin Luther King, Jr. Lynchburg Community Council (which also hosts the annual MLK, Jr. Breakfast each winter), one of 500 groups in the U.S. presenting the series of five films documenting important stories from the struggle for civil rights.
The film tells the story of Richard (a white man) and Mildred Loving (part African-American and part Native American), who married June 2 in 1958 in Washington, D.C. but afterwards were arrested for breaking the law against interracial marriage (or miscegenation) when the local sheriff burst into their Virginia home at 2 a.m. What followed was a trial and sentence to leave the state if they chose to stay married, a fugitive lifestyle and 9-year exile from their home state, an appeal for help to Robert Kennedy and the ACLU, and finally a trial that led to a unanimous Supreme Court decision in their favor.
Those viewing the film were interested to learn details of the Supreme Court case, and in the audience discussion that followed there was a consensus in testimony to the obvious strength, loyalty, and devotion of this husband and wife in their "loving story." (When asked by the lawyers who argued their case what he would like the Supreme Court to know, Richard Loving simply said: "Just tell them I love my wife.") In the years after the decision in their case, 16 of 24 states repealed their miscegenation laws; however it was not until 2000 that the law was struck from the books in the last state, Alabama. In the words of the gospel song that closed the film, justice is "a slow train...but it's movin' on."
(The fifth, and final film in the series will be "Freedom Riders", to air Tuesday, April 8, at 6 p.m.)
Exploring Competition and Cooperation
On Sunday, March 16, facilitator Kim Kristensen led a peace-building workshop, “Competition and Cooperation” at the Yoga Center in Roanoke. Sharing information, games, and discussion, Kristensen guided participants through an afternoon of activities designed to make them think about the dynamics of cooperation and competition and how and why we unconsciously compete, or cooperate, with others and ourselves.
The afternoon followed an interesting format—games were introduced with intentionally ambiguous instructions, so to a certain degree participants responded according to individual interpretation and the inclination of their individual personalities. The discussions that followed the games brought out some very interesting viewpoints as players explored some of their conscious strategies as well as subconscious assumptions, based on personal history, family dynamics, gender expectations, etc. It was illuminating for participants to see their inclinations toward cooperation or competition based on such factors.
From the design of the early games, played in teams, most players adopted a more competitive approach as the workshop began. Yet by the end of the afternoon the activities moved to other simple exercises that focused more on developing empathy and compassion for others, offering participants a dual view of human tendencies, and a bounty of interesting information and insights as the “take away” from the event—and also some new tools for sharing with their family or groups!
In addition to working as a manager for the Dept. of Transportation, Kim Kristensen teaches Leadership and Managing Conflict, Applied Psychology, Human Relations, Critical Thinking, Sociology, and Management at several colleges and universities. He is a certified mediator with a Master’s degree in Social Sciences and a Bachelors degree in Management and Human Resources.